Full-Time Instructional Faculty:
Positions in this category have specific assignments that customarily require instruction, research, or public service as a principal activity. Examples include academic rank titles such as professor, associate professor, assistant professor, instructor, or lecturer.

Full-Time Administrative/Professional Faculty:
Administrative faculty performs work directly related to management of the activities of the institution, department, or subdivision.  Incumbents in these positions exercise discretion and independent judgment and generally direct the work of others. Qualifications for administrative faculty positions include: advanced degree or training and work experience at a level which equates to an advanced degree; performance of duties and responsibilities associated with this category more than 50 percent of contractual time; regular exercise of discretionary actions.

In general, the vice presidents, vice provosts, deans and their immediate staffs are designated as administrative faculty. Also, directors of major administrative units reporting to the vice presidents are categorized as administrative faculty.

Professional faculty required advanced learning and experience acquired by prolonged formal instruction and/or specialized work experience. This category is normally limited to librarians, counselors, extension agents, coaches, physicians, and other professional positions servicing education, outreach, research, athletic, medical, student affairs, and development functions or activities. Qualifications for professional faculty positions are advanced degree or training and work experience at a level which equates to an advanced degree; performance of duties and responsibilities associated with this category more than 50 percent of contractual time; regular exercise of professional discretion and judgment; and production of work that is intellectual and varied in character, not standardized.

Classified Employee:
A full time, salaried, benefited, exempt or nonexempt position that may include a wide variety of work ranging from administrative, professional, office, clerical and skilled crafts to service and maintenance. Employees in this category are covered by the Virginia Personnel Act after serving a probationary period and are subject to the policies and procedures of the Virginia Department of Human Resource Management.

Wage / Hourly Employee:
An wage employee is one who receives pay for hours worked rather than a fixed salary.  Wage employees are limited to working 1,500 hours per agency per year, which is calculated as the 365-day period beginning on the wage employee’s first day of employment but may be required to work 40 hours per week. They are normally hired to meet seasonal, temporary, part-time or casual workforce needs and are not covered by the Virginia Personnel Act.  Wage employees do not receive State benefits except for worker’s compensation and leave without pay for military service while on active duty or the reserve, but have access to certain CNU benefits.